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Slavery in Arkansas

American chattel slavery was a unique institution that emerged in the English colonies in America in the seventeenth century. Enslaved peoples were held involuntarily as property by slave owners who c

Slavery in Charleston: A chronicle of human bondage in the Holy City

Charles Carleton Coffin would be haunted by the sight for the rest of his life. Behind the iron gate of the “MART,” Coffin found a long hall lined with benches down one wall, a platform on

The Case for Ending Slavery

Slavery existed in the United States even before the United States existed as a nation, but slavery had not always divided northern and southern states from each other. How the United States transform

North American Slave Narratives

Narratives by fugitive slaves before the Civil War and by former slaves in the postbellum era are essential to the study of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American history and literature, especial

The South American slave trade

Histories of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade typically focus on those enslaved in the North American colonies and often overlook its Southern counterpart. However, those enslaved in North America durin

Children in the Slave Trade

From the 16th to the 18th centuries, an estimated 12 million Africans crossed the Atlantic to the Americas in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Used on plantations throughout the United States, Latin Am

Slaves in New England

The first African immigrants to the North American colonies arrived in Virginia in 1619. The status of these newcomers differed little from that of the white indentured servants who far outnumbered th

Mapping Slavery in the Nineteenth Century

Commercial lithographer Henry S. Graham printed this choropleth map showing the distribution of the slave population in September 1861. The map shows in graphic terms the density of the slave populati

The United States Was Late to End Slavery

One hundred fifty years ago this December, the U.S. completed its long process of abolishing slavery. Why did the nation endure nine long decades as a “house divided against itself”? The answer li

How Slavery Helped Build a World Economy

African peoples were captured and transported to the Americas to work. Most European colonial economies in the Americas from the 16th through the 19th century were dependent on enslaved African labor

Slavery in Texas

Texas was the last frontier of slavery in the United States. In fewer than fifty years, from 1821 to 1865, the “Peculiar Institution,” as Southerners called it, spread over the eastern two

Slavery in the Capital

When the District of Columbia was established in 1800, the laws of Maryland, including its slave laws, remained in force. Additional laws on slavery and free blacks were then made by the District, and