Slavery

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The Case for Ending Slavery

Slavery existed in the United States even before the United States existed as a nation, but slavery had not always divided northern and southern states from each other. How the United States transform
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North American Slave Narratives

Narratives by fugitive slaves before the Civil War and by former slaves in the postbellum era are essential to the study of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American history and literature, especial
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The South American slave trade

Histories of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade typically focus on those enslaved in the North American colonies and often overlook its Southern counterpart. However, those enslaved in North America durin
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Children in the Slave Trade

From the 16th to the 18th centuries, an estimated 12 million Africans crossed the Atlantic to the Americas in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Used on plantations throughout the United States, Latin Am
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Slaves in New England

The first African immigrants to the North American colonies arrived in Virginia in 1619. The status of these newcomers differed little from that of the white indentured servants who far outnumbered th
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Mapping Slavery in the Nineteenth Century

Commercial lithographer Henry S. Graham printed this choropleth map showing the distribution of the slave population in September 1861. The map shows in graphic terms the density of the slave populati
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The United States Was Late to End Slavery

One hundred fifty years ago this December, the U.S. completed its long process of abolishing slavery. Why did the nation endure nine long decades as a “house divided against itself”? The answer li
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How Slavery Helped Build a World Economy

African peoples were captured and transported to the Americas to work. Most European colonial economies in the Americas from the 16th through the 19th century were dependent on enslaved African labor
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Slavery in Texas

Texas was the last frontier of slavery in the United States. In fewer than fifty years, from 1821 to 1865, the “Peculiar Institution,” as Southerners called it, spread over the eastern two
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Slavery in the Capital

When the District of Columbia was established in 1800, the laws of Maryland, including its slave laws, remained in force. Additional laws on slavery and free blacks were then made by the District, and
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We still lie about slavery: Here’s the truth about how the American economy and power were built on forced migration and torture

All these decades later, our history books are filled with myths and mistruths. It is time for a true reckoning
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These Maps Reveal How Slavery Expanded Across the United States

n September of 1861, the U.S. Coast Survey published a large map, approximately two feet by three feet, titled a “Map showing the distribution of the slave population of the southern states of t